Do People Who LIve on the Streets Deserve a “Homeless Bill of Rights?”

A "California Homeless Bill of Rights" could help end the discrimination of people due to their living situation, according to officials in one North Bay town.

Officials in at least one North Bay town -- Fairfax -- are thinking of taking legal steps to look out for their homeless population.

The Fairfax Town Council wants the California State Legislature to adopt a “California Homeless Bill of Rights” to ban the unequal treatment of those without a roof over their head.

At its Sept. 5 meeting, the council unanimously OK’d a resolution encouraging legislation that would require enforcement of existing U.S. and California Constitution-guaranteed rights. According to a Fairfax staff report, the proposed “California Homeless Bill of Rights” doesn’t ask for “the granting of special and extra rights not given to any other person or group of persons.”

The staff report (which is attached at the right) said people in Fairfax, Marin and California who are “blessed with great providence” have a “moral obligation” to care for those less fortunate than others. “The homeless too often suffer and incur discrimination, hardships, burdens and the deprivation of constitutionally protected rights solely because of their status as being without a permanent home.”

The bill of rights (also attached at the right) protects a homeless individual’s right to vote, right to move freely in public spaces, right to emergency medical care, right to protection from disclosure of his or her records provided to homeless shelters or service providers, and the right to not face discrimination while seeking or maintaining employment due to his or her lack of a permanent mailing address.

Some of the legislative language the council approved is borrowed from a “Homeless Bill of Rights” that the Rhode Island governor signed into law in June.



Fairfax Vice Mayor John Reed said he supports the bill to prevent people from “being discriminated against because of the reality of their living situation.”

Councilman Larry Bragman said “it’s a good idea to protect the rights of any suspect class.” He added that he works near the Ritter Center in downtown San Rafael -- an area with several homeless individuals.

Bragman, who voted in support of the resolution, said he was “bothered” the legislation “recognizes homelessness as a given fact instead of addressing homelessness.”

Instead of working to eliminate homelessness, the legislation “seeks to protect it and enshrine” it as a class, Bragman said. “It’s a sad day when we have to recognize homelessness and homeless people as a permanent class in the richest society on the planet.”

The council had a short discussion about if the legislation should protect someone’s right to sleep or live in a vehicle.

“The community would have to weigh-in on that,” Councilman David Weinsoff said. “Members of the community might be concerned about expanding the right for those who wish to live in a vehicle on their street and in front of their house.”

No one from the public commented on the resolution.



Fairfax’s call to protect the rights of the homeless are a sharp contrast to what many municipalities across the nation have done to outlaw homeless-associated behaviors.

San Francisco voters passed a law in November 2010 that bans sitting or lying on public sidewalks. Since it’s approval, many have questioned the law’s effectiveness. 

This summer, homelessness became a discussion point in Mill Valley when that encourage residents to give to local charities instead of panhandlers.

The Mill Valley council’s discussion about the signs included concerns about the safety of people asking for money on a “dangerous” median in Mill Valley, .

Mill Valley Councilwoman Shawn Marshall said she agreed with the sentiment that residents should support local charitable organizations that help homeless people.

“On the other hand, as somebody who does periodically help out someone on the street corner, I feel like putting those signs up is a bit intolerant and lacking in human response,” she said. “It’s not my way of being in the world. Putting a sign up there is basically code for saying, ‘We don't want you in our town.’”

In the past, the Mill Valley council came close to amending the city’s municipal code to prohibit soliciting in the public right of way areas like medians.


A Marin County-wide identified 1,220 people who are experiencing homelessness in Marin and 4,103 precariously housed.  

The count revealed a decrease in sheltered or unsheltered people from 2009, but saw an increase in people who were “precariously housed.”

In Sonoma County, a a 40 percent increase in people without a place to live.

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Debra catey September 11, 2012 at 02:06 PM
Yes they do deserve a bill of rights


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